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  • antimony trio ide produce by plasma process

    antimony trio ide produce by plasma process. Popular Searches. What Is Antimony? Dec 13, 2017 Antimony is a chemical element from group 15 of the periodic table, called a pnicyogen, and has an electronegativity of approximately 205 Antimony is significantly more electronegative than arsenic or tellurium Antimony is relatively stable at room ...

  • Antimony Trioxide - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Antimony trioxide has an oral LD 50 in rats of >20 000 mg kg −1. The relatively low toxicity of this compound is due to its extremely low solubility in water. Mouse intraperitoneal LD 50 = 172 mg kg −1. ... Sb 5+ distributes in the plasma.

  • Antimony trioxide - Wikipedia

    OverviewSafetyProduction and propertiesStructureUsesFurther readingExternal links

    Antimony(III) oxide has suspected carcinogenic potential for humans. Its TLV is 0.5 mg/m , as for most antimony compounds. No other human health hazards were identified for antimony(III) oxide, and no risks to human health and the environment were identified from the production and use of antimony trioxide in daily life.

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  • (PDF) Association of plasma antimony concentration with ...

    plasma antimony to assess the circulating antimony exposure. We could not differentiate the forms and species of antimony, which may have different effects on humans owing to the

  • Safety Data Sheet (SDS)

    *The major use of (di)antimony trioxide (ATO) is as a flame retardant. However, it does not have flame retarding properties itself; instead, it is a synergist for halogenated flame retardants in plastics, paints, adhesives, sealants, rubber, and textile back-coatings. Other uses of ATO include: polymerization catalyst in PET resin manufacture ...

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  • ANTIMONY XIDE CAMEO Chemicals NOAA

    Antimony trioxide is a white crystalline solid. It is insoluble in water. The primary hazard is the threat to the environment. Immediate steps should be taken to limit its spread to the environment. It is used to fireproof fabrics, paper and plastics, as a paint pigment and for many other uses.

  • Antimony Trioxide - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Jul 01, 2006  A.M. Emsley, G.C. Stevens, in Advances in Fire Retardant Materials, 2008. Antimony trioxide. Antimony trioxide (ATO) is commonly used as a co-synergist with halogenated flame retardants to enhance their effectiveness. Recent comprehensive genotoxicity studies and a critical review by the European Commission have indicated that, contrary to the indications of earlier less well

  • Effects of chlorinated polyethylene and antimony trioxide ...Antimony - ScienceDirectAntimony trioxide-induced apoptosis is dependent on SEK1 ...查看更多结果
  • Antimony Trioxide - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Antimony trioxide is a mild primary eye irritant in rabbits. Rat oral LD 50 >34 g kg −1. Mouse intraperitoneal LD 50 =172 mg kg −1. The in vivo genotoxicity of antimony trioxide was studied using single and repeat dose mouse bone marrow micronucleus tests, and the rat liver unscheduled DNA synthesis assay. All three studies were negative.

  • ANTIMONY XIDE CAMEO Chemicals NOAA

    Antimony trioxide is a white crystalline solid. It is insoluble in water. The primary hazard is the threat to the environment. Immediate steps should be taken to limit its spread to the environment. It is used to fireproof fabrics, paper and plastics, as a paint pigment and for many other uses.

  • Diantimony trioxide - Substance Information - ECHA

    Dust-free antimony trioxide . Registration dossier . flame retardant masterbatch . Registration dossier . Timonox® Blue Star . Registration dossier . Other identifiers . 051-005-00-X . CL Inventory . Index Number. 10042-99-6 . Other . CAS number. 12423-58-4 . Other . CAS number. 1309-64-4 .

  • The exposure to and health effects of antimony

    Antimony trioxide. Antimony trioxide treatment is associated with increased apoptosis associated with induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) as well as differentiation markers. When the buffering capacity of the cell is decreased by depleting glutathione, ROS production and apoptosis is enhanced. Antimony trioxide is primarily used as a flame ...

  • Antimony Trioxide - Toxicological Risks of Selected Flame ...

    OCCURRENCE AND USE. Antimony trioxide is formed by reacting antimony trichloride (SbCl 3) with water.It is used in combination with some brominated flame retardants, and might also be used in conjunction with zinc borate, both within and outside the United States on commercial furniture, draperies, wall coverings, and carpets (R.C.Kidder, Flame Retardant Chemical Association, unpublished ...

  • ANTIMONY XIDE HAZARD SUMMARY Antimony

    Antimony Trioxide is a white, odorless crystalline (sand-like) powder. It is used as a flame-proofing agent, in pigments and ceramics, to stain iron and copper, and to decolorize glass. REASON FOR CITATION * Antimony Trioxide is on the Hazardous Substance List

  • Antimony, Blood ARUP Lab Test Directory

    Pentavalent antimony resides in the plasma, has a relatively short half-life on the order of hours to days, and is eliminated predominantly through the kidneys. Reported symptoms after toxic antimony exposure vary based upon route of exposure, duration and antimony source and may include abdominal pain, dyspnea, nausea, vomiting, dermatitis and ...

  • Antimony Spectrum

    Antimony Trioxide, Reagent is an inorganic compound and crucial as a commercial compound of antimony. It is an opacifying agent for glasses, ceramics and enamels. The Reagent grade denotes that this chemical is the highest quality commer

  • Antimony Trioxide - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Jul 01, 2006  A.M. Emsley, G.C. Stevens, in Advances in Fire Retardant Materials, 2008. Antimony trioxide. Antimony trioxide (ATO) is commonly used as a co-synergist with halogenated flame retardants to enhance their effectiveness. Recent comprehensive genotoxicity studies and a critical review by the European Commission have indicated that, contrary to the indications of earlier less well

  • production processes antimony trioxide

    production processes antimony trioxide. production processes antimony trioxide. The Loong Kee Smelting Works Sb would partly volatilize and partly liquate and part of the liquated product would combine with the volatilized trioxide to form an oxysulfide compound commonly known as antimony glass which causes fritting at the lower zone of the furnace Even with ore from 30 to .

  • Antimony - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    The antimony electrode is simply a piece of pure antimony rod (~12 mm diameter, 140 mm long), housed in a protective plastic body resistant to acid attack; see Figure 24.25.The protruding antimony rod, when immersed in a solution containing dissolved oxygen, becomes coated with antimony trioxide Sb 2 O 3, and the equilibria governing the electrode potential are

  • Antimony trioxide - Wikipedia

    Antimony(III) oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Sb 2 O 3.It is the most important commercial compound of antimony.It is found in nature as the minerals valentinite and senarmontite. Like most polymeric oxides, Sb 2 O 3 dissolves in aqueous solutions with hydrolysis.

  • Antimony Trioxide Chemtradeasiagroup

    Antimony trioxide is an inorganic compound with the formula Sb 2 O 3. It appears white in color and it is an odourless white crystalline powder, sparingly soluble in water. It is the most important compound prepared from antimony. It is found in nature and extracted from

  • Antimony Trioxide Flame Retardant, CAS# 1309-64-4, Sb2O3 ...

    antimony trioxide, Sb2O3, 1309-64-4 Description. Product Name: antimony trioxide. Equivalent to: Cas No. : 1309-64-4. Molecular Weight: 291.5. Application. Sb2O3 is used as a fire retardant in rubber, plastics, wire cable and other composites. It must be used in conjunction with a halogen source, for example, a brominated flame retardant.

  • Antimony - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    The antimony electrode is simply a piece of pure antimony rod (~12 mm diameter, 140 mm long), housed in a protective plastic body resistant to acid attack; see Figure 24.25.The protruding antimony rod, when immersed in a solution containing dissolved oxygen, becomes coated with antimony trioxide Sb 2 O 3, and the equilibria governing the electrode potential are

  • Antimony trioxide - Wikipedia

    Antimony(III) oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Sb 2 O 3.It is the most important commercial compound of antimony.It is found in nature as the minerals valentinite and senarmontite. Like most polymeric oxides, Sb 2 O 3 dissolves in aqueous solutions with hydrolysis.

  • Antimony Trioxide Chemtradeasiagroup

    Antimony trioxide is an inorganic compound with the formula Sb 2 O 3. It appears white in color and it is an odourless white crystalline powder, sparingly soluble in water. It is the most important compound prepared from antimony. It is found in nature and extracted from

  • Antimony Trioxide Flame Retardant, CAS# 1309-64-4, Sb2O3 ...

    antimony trioxide, Sb2O3, 1309-64-4 Description. Product Name: antimony trioxide. Equivalent to: Cas No. : 1309-64-4. Molecular Weight: 291.5. Application. Sb2O3 is used as a fire retardant in rubber, plastics, wire cable and other composites. It must be used in conjunction with a halogen source, for example, a brominated flame retardant.

  • US4347060A - Method for making antimony trioxide powder ...

    A method and apparatus for making an antimony trioxide powder having a specific particle size distribution from crude antimony trioxide which contains a small amount of impurities having a higher vaporization temperature by passing the crude antimony trioxide through a plasma arc tail gas reaction zone, vaporizing in a chamber communicating with the reaction zone the antimony trioxide at a ...

  • reaction mechanism - Why is antimony oxide used as a flame ...

    Zinc borate, molybdic oxide, zinc oxide, and magnesium oxide can be used in conjunction with antimony oxide to augment char formation and decrease smoke. Replacement of the antimony oxide to meet a smoke requirement compromises the flame retardance. See also Flame retardant mechanism of antimony trioxide

  • USAC Antimony Oxide Types

    USAC ANTIMONY OXIDE TYPES "VERY FINE" ANTIMONY OXIDE (VF) - The particle size is 0.4 to 0.8 microns. It has a very high tint strength. It has a higher tint strength than (MP). "MICROPURE" ANTIMONY OXIDE (MP). - The particle size of MP is typically 0.80 to 1.1 microns.

  • Antimony - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Antimony is most commonly used as antimony trioxide in the manufacture of flame-retardant materials. It has also been used as an alloy with lead in the production of microelectronics, solders, lead-acid batteries, bullets and bearings, and in pewter (an alloy of tin, copper and antimony).

  • Antimony Trioxide (GregTech 5 Material) - Feed The Beast Wiki

    Antimony Trioxide is a material added by GregTech 5 mod. Antimony Trioxide is a MV-tier material. It can to be processed in MV-tier Electrolyzer in order to obtain 0.4 Antimony Dust from it, as well as some less valuable materials. However, smelting it in Electric Blast Furnace Electric Blast Furnace allows to obtain 1.5 Antimony Ingots from it.

  • Antimony: Chemical reactions Pilgaard Elements

    Antimony is dissolved in hot concentrated sulphuric acid, H 2 SO 4, or nitric acid, HNO 3, forming Sb ... antimony reacts with water to form the trioxide antimony(III) oxide, Sb 2 O 3. ... The digest is aspirated into an 8,000 K argon plasma where resulting light emission is quantified for 30 elements simultaneously.

  • (PDF) The exposure to and health effects of antimony

    Antimony trioxide is primarily used as a flame retardant in rubber, plastics, pigments, adhesives, textiles, and paper. Antimony potassium tartrate has been used worldwide as an anti-shistosomal drug.

  • Risk of Cancer for Workers Exposed to Antimony Compounds ...

    Nov 14, 2019  In 2016, the US’s National Toxicology Program (NTP) finalized its animal toxicology studies on inhalation exposure to antimony trioxide, concluding that antimony trioxide causes lung neoplasms in both sexes of mice and rats .

  • Antimony Trioxide Market Segment Forecasts up to 2020 ...

    The antimony trioxide has limited self fire-retardant properties. However antimony trioxide acts as an effective synergist for halogenated compounds or polymers containing halogens. The other major application for antimony trioxide is flame retardant in plastics and rubber.This research report analyzes this market on the basis of its market segments, major geographies, and current market trends.

  • Antimony Poisoning (Poisoning by Antimony): Symptoms ...

    Antimony poisoning involves a toxic effect caused by a prolonged exposure to higher-than-normal concentrations of antimony, found either in the workplace or in therapeutic agents administered for the treatment of other conditions. Antimony Poisoning (Poisoning by Antimony): Read more about Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Complications, Causes and Prognosis.

  • (PDF) The exposure to and health effects of antimony

    Antimony trioxide is primarily used as a flame retardant in rubber, plastics, pigments, adhesives, textiles, and paper. Antimony potassium tartrate has been used worldwide as an anti-shistosomal drug.

  • Risk of Cancer for Workers Exposed to Antimony Compounds ...

    Nov 14, 2019  In 2016, the US’s National Toxicology Program (NTP) finalized its animal toxicology studies on inhalation exposure to antimony trioxide, concluding that antimony trioxide causes lung neoplasms in both sexes of mice and rats .

  • Antimony Trioxide Market Segment Forecasts up to 2020 ...

    The antimony trioxide has limited self fire-retardant properties. However antimony trioxide acts as an effective synergist for halogenated compounds or polymers containing halogens. The other major application for antimony trioxide is flame retardant in plastics and rubber.This research report analyzes this market on the basis of its market segments, major geographies, and current market trends.

  • Antimony Poisoning (Poisoning by Antimony): Symptoms ...

    Antimony poisoning involves a toxic effect caused by a prolonged exposure to higher-than-normal concentrations of antimony, found either in the workplace or in therapeutic agents administered for the treatment of other conditions. Antimony Poisoning (Poisoning by Antimony): Read more about Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Complications, Causes and Prognosis.

  • Antimony Oxide (Antimony trioxide) - Proposition 65 ...

    Antimony Oxide (Antimony trioxide) Antimony Oxide (Antimony trioxide) Listed as Causing Cancer. Cancer: 10/01/1990. Basis for Listing AB-IARC. Antimony sesquioxide; Antimonous oxide; Antimony oxide, Oxo-oxostibanyloxystibane; Diantimony trioxide . Fact Sheets; Antimony Trioxide;

  • Antimony(III) oxide 99.999% trace ... - Diantimony trioxide

    Antimony(III) oxide 99.999% trace metals basis Synonym: Diantimony trioxide CAS Number 1309-64-4. Linear Formula Sb 2 O 3. Molecular Weight 291.52 . EC Number 215-175-0. MDL number MFCD00011214. [email protected] 38080202 . PubChem Substance ID 24852108. NACRES NA.23

  • Provisional Peer Reviewed Toxicity Values for Antimony ...

    for antimony trioxide is based on a benchmark concentration of 0.87 mg/m. 3. for a 10% increase in the incidence of chronic interstitial pulmonary inflammation (severity >2) in female rats exposed to antimony trioxide in the air for 1 year (and observed for an additional year) by Newton et al. (1994). A composite UF of 300 was used (UF of 10 for

  • Antimony trioxide Facts for Kids KidzSearch

    Antimony trioxide is found in two minerals, valentinite and senarmontite. Valentinite is a white mineral that is sometimes pale yellow. Preparation. Antimony trioxide is made when antimony is made. Stibnite is heated with air to make antimony trioxide. It is separated from arsenic by the boiling of the arsenic trioxide before the antimony ...

  • Antimony trioxide (Antimony oxide) - Canada.ca

    Antimony trioxide may be released to the environment via landfills and wastewater treatment systems as a result of industrial processes and through the use and disposal of consumer products containing this substance. Combustion of coal, non-ferrous metal production (smelters), antimony mining and abrasion of automobile brake pads are also ...

  • Subchronic feeding study of antimony trioxide in rats ...

    Diets containing antimony trioxide were fed to male and female Wistar rats of the Alpk:APSD strain over 90 days. Dose levels were 0 (control), 1000, 5000 and 20 000 ppm (equivalent to mean daily doses of 84, 421 and 1686 mg kg−1 in males and 97, 494 and 1879 mg kg−1 in females). There was no effect of compound on growth or growth rate, food consumption or clinical signs. Minor changes in ...

  • Antimony Trioxide Market Analysis, Opportunities, Demand ...

    Antimony Trioxide Market: Dynamics. Antimony trioxide finds crucial role as a flame retardant especially in wiring and cables which are inseparable aspects of the electrical and electronics industry. The growth of electrical and electronic industry is estimated to be an important driving factor for the growth of antimony trioxide market.

  • USAC Antimony Uses and Formulations

    Paints - Paints can be made flame retardant by providing a halogen, usually chlorinated paraffin or rubber, and 10% to 25% antimony trioxide. Additionally antimony oxide is used as a color "fastener" in paint subject to ultraviolet radiation that tends to deteriorate colors.

  • RoC Review of Antimony Trioxide

    Antimony Trioxide Supplemental materials for events, meetings, and workshops prior to 2017 have been archived. These archived materials frequently include presentations, background materials, and public comments.

  • Global Antimony Trioxide Market to Reach $1.4 Billion by ...

    Jul 02, 2019  The global antimony trioxide market is expected to reach an estimated $1.4 billion by 2024 and is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 3.8% from 2019 to 2024.. The future of the antimony trioxide